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Fall

Fall

The nature of Romanticism may be approached from the primary importance of the free expression of the feelings of the artist. The importance the Romantics placed on emotion is summed up in the remark of the German painter Caspar David Friedrich, "the artist's feeling is his law". To William Wordsworth, poetry should begin as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings", which the poet then "recollect[s] in tranquility", evoking a new but corresponding emotion the poet can then mould into art.


Franklin Hinchey was born 20 Nov. 1828 in Gates, NY and he died 19 May 1912 in Gates, NY. His parents were William Steel Hinchey, Sr. and Lucy Ann Davis. They had ten Children of which Franklin was the second born child. William Purchased 88 acres for $1,150.00 on June 3, 1834, which includes the land that the Hinchey Homestead is located. When William and his family moved he sold the land. Franklin remained in Gates when his parents moved to Michigan. He attended school in Gates and later went to Rica Academy and Albany State Normal Schools. He taught in local schools and became superintendent in 1853.

Flower Girl

Flower Girl

The movement emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as apprehension and awe—especially that experienced in confronting the new aesthetic categories of the sublimity and beauty of nature. It elevated folk art and ancient custom to something noble, but also spontaneity as a desirable characteristic.


It was through Franklin that the farm came back to the family. After being employed as superintendent of Frost Nursery Company for a year or more, he borrowed $500.00 and made the first payment on a parcel of the original homestead. He later purchased the balance of the homestead, that his father had sold to Frost Nursery. Before he died he had acquired over 300 acres which he operated with his son, William, as a Holstein cattle farm. His skills with numbers and keeping records help him obtain a job with the New York Central Railroad in 1860. He worked for the railroad for 50 years as their land and tax agent, purchasing the land needed to add the third and fourth tracks from Albany to Buffalo, as well as land for freight yards. He also farmed some of his property and leased other parcels.

Flowers

Flowers

Romantics were distrustful of the human world, and tended to believe a close connection with nature was mentally and morally healthy. Romantic art addressed its audiences with what was intended to be felt as the personal voice of the artist. So, in literature, "much of romantic poetry invited the reader to identify the protagonists with the poets themselves"


He married Elizabeth Booth on March 11, 1852. She died on January 4, 1870. On 2 February 1871 Franklin married Ellen Winan Litle (Lytle). They had one son William Steel Hinchey, born 10 July 1874. He married Ellen Terrill in 1897.

Forest

Forest

Not essential to Romanticism, but so widespread as to be normative, was a strong belief and interest in the importance of nature. This particularly in the effect of nature upon the artist when he is surrounded by it, preferably alone. In contrast to the usually very social art of the Enlightenment,


Franklin Hinchey was for many years, a ruling elder in the First Presbyterian Church in Gates and was an officer and teacher in the Sunday school of that church. Franklin was also involved with the Grange and was secretary to the Town Board.

Race Horse

Race Horse

The end of the Romantic era is marked in some areas by a new style of Realism. However, Romantic styles, now often representing the established and safe style against which Realists rebelled, continued to flourish in many fields for the rest of the century and beyond.


William and Ellen Terrill lived with William’s parents. They had twins that died in infancy. They had two sons who survived, Franklin (1904-1954) and Harmon (1908-1998). Franklin lived with his wife in a home on the south side of Hinchey Road. Harmon lived in the house until his death in 1998. Franklin (1904) married Marion Dix in 1927 and they had four children: Barbara, William, Ronald and Peter. The clapboard house was moved behind the current house when it was completed and taken down in 1962.

Winder

Winter

In the United States, at least by 1818 with William Cullen Bryant's "To a Waterfowl", Romantic poetry was being published. American Romantic Gothic literature made an early appearance with Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820) and Rip Van Winkle (1819), followed from 1823 onwards by the Leatherstocking Tales of James Fenimore Cooper, with their emphasis on heroic simplicity and their fervent landscape descriptions of an already-exotic mythicized frontier peopled by "noble savages", similar to the philosophical theory of Rousseau, exemplified by Uncas, from The Last of the Mohicans.

Waterfall

Waterfall

In the visual arts, Romanticism first showed itself in landscape painting, where from as early as the 1760s artists began to turn to wilder landscapes and storms. Some of these large paintings had contemporary settings and staffage, but others had small figures that turned the work into history painting in the manner of Claude Lorrain, like Salvator Rosa a late Baroque artist whose landscapes had elements that Romantic painters repeatedly turned to.